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Facts About Dementia That You Need To Know About

Stem Cell

Facts About Dementia That You Need To Know About

Christine Sullivan April 25, 2019
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Never A Bad Thing To Read Up On Such Things

 

Dementia is actually a collective term that is used to refer to various symptoms of cognitive impairment. One of the main symptoms of dementia is forgetfulness and this condition is prevalent in older people, aged 65 years and above.

It is important for people to know that dementia is just not a single disease but a collection of symptoms that describe a person’s cognitive decline. Even though dementia occurs in people of old age, it is actually deemed not a normal part of a human person’s life.

 

What Are the Symptoms?

A person that is suffering from dementia might exhibit a number of symptoms- most of which are characterized by a huge decline in their cognitive abilities. Some symptoms of the condition include:

  • Sudden mood changes, especially when it comes to their outlook and disposition in life.
  • Forgetfulness, especially in tasks related to memory. People with dementia might even forget about where they left their keys even though they’ve just put it somewhere seconds ago.
  • They may suffer from disorientation in that they might get lost even in familiar grounds.
  • Sufferers might ask the same question repeatedly.
  • Difficulty in communicating, particularly in the use of language and forgetting words that are often used by them before.
  • They might have problems with tasks that involve abstract thinking such as counting money.
  • People with dementia might show less interest in things that they deemed to be enjoyable before.

 

Different Stages

  • Mild Dementia- people with mild dementia start exhibiting symptoms of frequent cognitive impairment such as confusion, personality changes, memory loss, and difficulty in carrying out simple tasks.
  • Moderate Dementia- people with moderate dementia may experience symptoms similar to people who suffer from a mild stage of dementia, but they often experience more severe cases. Because of this, they might need the assistance of others just to live.
  • Severe Dementia- Symptoms are so severe that they will need full-time assistance. They might have lost the ability to communicate and do simple tasks on their own.

 

Types of Dementia

As mentioned earlier, dementia is a collective term that encompasses a lot of medical conditions that describe the cognitive decline of a person. Some types of dementia include:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease- The total brain size of the person shrinks as a result of protein abnormalities in the brain. Therefore, the person with this condition has fewer brain tissue and nerve cells.
  • Parkinson’s Disease- Mostly characterized by movement impairments, people with this condition may also exhibit other symptoms of dementia as well.
  • Lewy Bodies- A protein called Alpha-Synuclein can lead to abnormal structures in the brain which may lead to symptoms of dementia.
  • Huntington’s Disease- May also lead to specific movement impairments coupled with symptoms of dementia.

 

Diagnosis

Dementia can be diagnosed after a person is run through a series of cognitive tests to measure their brain performance.

Some of these tests would include simple questions such as “What is your age?” or “What is Your Date of Birth?”. They will also be given some more complex clinical tests and after tallying their results, the doctor might give their diagnosis whether the person has dementia or not.

Scientists are doing research on different methods of treatment for dementia and one of the latest research topics for that is stem cell treatment. There are hopes that if stem cells are transplanted into the brain, it may very well induce repair brain damage caused by neurological conditions.

 

 

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